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30-11-2020

paley's watch argument

A target or goal in mind, 3. He’s trying to refute the Judeo-Christian one, unique God. Match. But he fails at that too. We cannot figure out everything about the watch / universe, so we can’t infer it’s designed 4. Telos means end (as in “endzone” in football) or purpose or goal. 1) Entities w, x, and y have attributes A, B and C 2) Entity z have attribute A and B 3) Therefore, entity z … Michael J. Behe, Darwin’s Black Box – The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution, New York: Free Press, 1996, p. 39 That is a clear-cut true statement. In the first part, Paley makes some remarks about the inevitability of inference to design in certain cases. One of his concluding statements is rather revealing: “Though the watch maker argument is thoroughly flawed it is nevertheless what I personally consider to be one of the best arguments for a deity that has ever been.”. Like my grandma, he believed creation is proof that God is real. “… It commits a false cause fallacy. The Watchmaker Argument: Fredrik Bendz summarizes a number of objections to Paley's argument—most relating to the fallacy of false analogy. How many universes are there? To deny that there exists items that are “uncomplicated and random” and other items that are “complicated and ordered” is to deny reality.  So he’s really quite deceptive here, making claims the argument does not make, but then, that’s what straw man arguments do. Drops of Mercy – It is modern firstly because it regards the world in mechanistic terms i.e. But Paley’s concepts of “purposeful design”[5] and  “contrivances”[6] anticipate these concepts, and thus his argument is clearly a teleological one – not an argument based on analogy. Addressing specific errors in Critiques of Paley. First, to think of God in those terms is to fall to the error of Anthropomorphism – God is not complex in that manner – with many pieces and parts and complex workings the way a watch or the universe is.  God is immaterial and thus has no such parts. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Here he states, “The watch maker argument doesn’t support theism. What are his straw man objections? keptics routinely give these two objections to the Paley’s argument: the analogy in and of itself is NOT the argument. It Doesn’t Imply a Designer, it Implies Many (mistake @ 6:19) )Paley's teleological argument is based on an analogy: Watchmaker is to watch as God is to universe. In reference to the argument, Voltaire once commented “if a watch confirms the existence of a watchmaker, but the universe fails to demonstrate the presence of a great Architect, then I consent to be labeled a fool.” Today, the analogy is credited with William Paley who outlined the argument in his book Natural Theology(1802). Paley attempts to show that just as a watch, which is a complex device that fulfills a certain function, requires a maker, the universe, which is equally sophisticated and has complex life forms must have a designer. Statement of the Argument In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone, and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer, that, for anything I knew to the 2.  His understanding of the use of complexity is flawed. which is created – which means the creator must be other than material or immaterial, Space which is created – which means the creator must be “beyond” space or omnipresent, Information Paley argues that, if one was to find a watch laying on the ground and was to be aske… Those who try to refute this argument always seem to miss that point. This objection misses the point and thus fails because Paley’s argument is not an argument based on analogy. it looks to the end purpose of things. It appears to be a logical argument – most people would agree that if they were to come across a watch they would assume it had a designer. Back, 2. I’ll point them out as we come across them. Now he says it does – but adds a caveat – it implies more than 1 designer by analogy – incorrectly using his mistaken understanding of an analogy as indicated above. Traditionally – and certainly in Paley’s day –  there is only one universe, which would then imply one designer.  In these days when physicists and cosmologists claim the existence of a multi-verse (to try escape the inescapable conclusion of fine tuning in the universe) – he might want to claim many designers for a multi-verse – but that’s a separate argument. Watch’s / universe’s imperfections do not exclude a designer, 3. If there are problems in a design we can still detect it was designed.Â. Paley used a watch to illustrate his point. As noted above – the conclusion from the teleological argument is that God is eternal, and thus cannot begin to exist, and thus cannot be designed. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. 3. The argument makes use of an anaology as Paley compares a watch and the Earth/universe. The only thing in Neo-Darwinism that can add information is mutations – and they are almost always negative in impact (video). Improbable” simply fail: “Mt Improbable and other impossible evolutionary dreams“. 1.. A watch found out in the heath (countryside) is a product of intelligent design (purpose). Basically, it was the watchmaker analogy that was used, “To support argument for the existence of God and for the intelligent design of the universe in both Christianity and Deism.” Click to see full answer. There must be an apparent reason for the complexity and a goal or purpose for the complexity.  There is clearly an apparent reason behind the complexity in a watch: its many “contrivances” allow it to keep time according to the specification of hours, minutes and seconds.  Not so with crystals.  They exhibit merely a complex ordering of matter, with no apparent goal or purpose. Paley’s argument has both its strengths and its weaknesses. So I’ve already answered #1 – it does not represent the argument accurately, but let me apply it to this video: On that see here or here. By looking at his creation – since we can’t examine him directly. So clearly he doesn’t know God is complex by examination. He further claims “We know for a fact that nature can, does and has produced remarkably complex organisms without a conscious and intelligent behind them.”(4:14) We know no such thing. It also has a sense of a moral obligation. As I noted above, complexity by itself does not require a designer. 4. Behe explains the concept thus: “By irreducibly complex [emphasis his] I mean a single system composed of several well-matched, interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning. At most I will grant the argument does not identify the Abrahamic God – but that’s not the point of the argument. And now that you see all his fatal flaws in his attempts to refute it, and you see it thus remains un-refuted, we are left with: “It is what I personally consider to be one of the best arguments for a deity that has ever been.” To that, I agree. ( Log Out /  Showing why belief in Christianity is rational. 2 Paley’s initial discussion—in which he sets out and defends his argument—may be thought of as having four parts. Watch At this point I’m wondering if he’s even read Paley’s argument because Paley does not make this assertion. What is William Paley's argument for design. The point of the argument is to prove God exists – which it does.  Besides, the reason God sent Jesus was to reveal God. He has in mind an old analog watch, since that is all there were in his time. As geneticist Dr. Marciej Giertych puts it:Â, “Darwin assumed that the increase of information comes from natural selection. I was asked to defend the assessment  I made  of a critique of Paley‘s argument by YouTube channel “Rationality Rules”, in which I claimed the video was a joke because it misunderstood the argument and used straw man arguments and logical flaws.  Specifically I was asked to defend: 1.) Because Paley is confronted with a crafted mechanical watch which nature clearly could not produce on its The universe resembles, is like the watch. Creation, i.e.  The Universe consists of: Time 2. One need merely take a look at all the skeptics who try (unsuccessfully) to refute it. Which requires an intelligence to create –  which means the creator must possess all the necessary information to create the universe and all life – so omniscient, The Universe/Creation was created out of nothing Once again he puts up a straw man argument claiming the argument states that nature is both uncomplicated and random, and also complicated and ordered. The watch shows that it was made for a specific purpose (to tell the time). This is critical to understand because this error is the foundation of many other errors in the video. But natural selection reduces genetic information. William Dembski, Intelligent Design – the Bridge Between Science & Theology, Downer’s Grove, IL:IVP Academic, 1999, p.47 “Darwin assumed that the increase of information comes from natural selection. His argument went something like this. William Dembski’s “specified complexity” is a teleological argument. Learn. Yet the Video blogger never addresses this real argument, thus the glaring flaw, and the straw man argument. So clearly this objection is already false, but let’s play along. What evidence do we have that God is complex?  How did he examine God? So the incarnation of Jesus reveals God in a way no rational argument can.  So in summary, the argument doesn’t identify God, but neither does it preclude the Abrahamic God. But once again, Paley’s point is not on the complexity alone. The video blogger goes on to defines special pleading as “an argument in which the speaker deliberately creates an exception to their argument without justifying why. 9. )  The argument speaks to the designer of the universe. Paley’s argument can be seen to be fairly weak due to a watch being man made where as a stone is something that was created in the christian God’s 7 days of creation. He concludes that because the universe is complex, its designer must be complex – the way a watch or the universe is complex. Part 3. “Every indicator of contrivance, every manifestation of design, which existed in the watch, exists in the works of nature; with the difference, on the side of nature, of being greater and more, and that in a degree which exceeds all computation. Argument For God Through Design deny the status of such as a wonder, it would be a weak argument as even scientists today are left speechless about many natural events. 8. But Second: what he’s really addressing is another point in Christian theology.  Here he talks about things like birth defects and pregnancy complications. Once again he’s missed the point.  As noted above, complexity is a component in identifying an intelligent designer, but it is not the only component. It has been hugely influential in the field of natural sciences – especially Biology – even though the majority of people have never heard of it. Back, 5.  On Paley’s use of purposeful design: PLAY. The argument does not “give the universe two incompatible and contradicting qualities” it simply observes what is, then goes on to state how we know the difference between how the simple, and how the complicated come to exist. So let’s formally show him where he’s wrong. It is a Greek word meaning “end” for telos and a “logos” which means the study of, and in this case, it refers to science. No amount of clear, logical reasoning will convince those who do not want to believe. Special Pleading / Self Refuting (Mistake @ 5:00) his assertion that Paley confuses correlation with causation, also another false assertion that is unfounded. When you take a look at the rock, you could surmise the rock had always been there. Footnote 1 Darwin was influenced by Paley’s work, and some modern authors have cited it as an important example of pre-Darwinian “adaptationist” thinking (e.g., Dawkins 1986 ; Williams 1992 ; but see Gliboff 2000 ; McLaughlin 2008 ). Because it is so clear, so easy to understand, so obvious, that it is a powerful argument for the existence of God. The whole point of his little video is to prove that the watchmaker doesn’t imply a designer. likening a human being to a watch, and secondly because it regards teleology as … To follow the example in the argument, we know the watch is complex by examination. ii. Behe explains the concept thus: “By. Notice that a creator who was designed, and thus began to exist is incompatible with an eternal creator outside of time. So right off the bat we see this attempt to debunk Paley’s does not represent the argument accurately according to Christian presentations as elaborated above. He points to an arrow consistently hitting a target. Paley’s Watchmaker argument – undefeated – composite by Duane Caldwell, featuring Though often confused with the argument from simple analogy, the watchmaker argument from William Paley is a more sophisticated design argument that attempts to avoid Hume’s objection to the analogy between worlds and artifacts. 5. It’s on all that has to happen to bring it about – the planning, purpose, the assembling of parts in a particular order to achieve a specific end.  All these speak to design and purpose, not merely to just complexity. It is also referred to as the Design Argument as it looks for evidence of God’s existence through design in creation. Paley’s teleological argument is: just as the function and complexity of a watch implies a watch-maker, so likewise the function and complexity of the universe implies the existence of a universe-maker. But in doing so he concedes the existence of a designer. Please elaborate. Basically, this argument says that after seeing a watch, with all its intricate parts, which work together in a precise fashion to keep time, one must deduce that this piece of machinery has a creator, since it is far too complex to have simply come into being by some other means, such as evolution. Rather  specified complexity – as Dembski put it, or “purposeful complexity”  as Paley put it which includes “contrivances” as he described, is what requires a designer. His most famous argument is called the watchmaker analogy, where Paley makes an inference from the complexity of living systems to a "designer". The analogy is NOT the argument. In his work, Paley uses a teleological argument based on the watchmaker analogy. Bryana_Polk2. Even if it were accepted to be a sound argument (‘which it’s not’ he puts on the screen), it would only prove that the universe had a universe designer.”  So once again, going down this path, he concedes God, but now he’s playing ignorant on what we mean by “God”.  Well I’ve already defined that in number 6 above. William Paley's watchmaker analogy is basically a teleological argument. Therefore, the universe is (probably) a product of intelligent design (purpose) 4. 11. I. Analogical Teleological Argument : If I stumbled on a stone and asked how it came to be there, it would be difficult to show that the answer, it has lain there forever is absurd. I could take this point by point – e.g. Watch is not product of laws of metallic nature, 8. [note: the author formatted this is a way that did not leave space for a page break. This undoubtedly is one of the reasons that Paley’s name is most commonly linked with the design argument even though it was by no means original to him. )  Because Natural Selection is a process that REMOVES information, it doesn’t add it. So this argument falls along with the false contention of being self refuting. A. William Paley (1743 - 1805) was a British philosopher whose writings on natural theology and moral/political philosophy were largely influential amongst British and American thinkers. In the And we know this from all the genetic operations studies that we have.”[7] video. Here he complains about “mistakes” and “sub-optimal design”.  Paley addresses this in his argument. Thanks. Back, 4. Today, as in his own time (though for different reasons), Paley is a controversial figure, a lightning rod for both sides in the contemporary … which is created – which means the creator must be beyond or outside of time since he existed “before” he created it;  Thus the creator is eternal, Material/Matter Paley talks about “contrivances” with clearly designed goals and purposes – which results in complexity. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. His argument played a prominent role in natural theology. 1. But Paley’s concepts of “purposeful design” [5] and “contrivances” [6] anticipate these concepts, and thus his argument is clearly a teleological one – not an argument based on analogy. Created by. William Paley’s watchmaker analogy is basically a teleological argument. Improbable” simply fail: “, How does he know the designer is complex? Second, he attempts to expose Paley’s argument as manifestly poor when interpreted in this way. "Paley's argument is made with passionate sincerity and is informed by the best biological scholarship of the day, but it is wrong, gloriously and utterly wrong. William Paley The Watch and the Watchmaker [From Natural Theology, or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity Collected from the Appearances of Nature (1802), pp. It does this by asserting complexity and order can only be caused by a designer” Because every atheist I speak to says there’s, So why does he think God is complex? Change ). The Argument fails because the analogy fails. Paley’s teleological argument for the existence of God makes an analogy between a watch and the universe. He also conveniently makes a false comparisons to drive home his point, but I won’t bother to go into that error because his whole case is worthless since the basis of the Teleological argument is not based on an analogy. Incompetent Design (Mistake @ 7:40) Why all the effort? Self contradicting (mistake @ 5:54) Thanks, and yes you’re correct on both accounts – like the Pharisees who refused to see the miracle of the healing of the blind man (John 9), skeptics who don’t want to see evidence of God simply won’t. Why is this important? Or second, the attempted rebuttals fail because of the use of other logical fallacies. To follow the example in the argument, we know the watch is complex by examination. The argument itself is a posteriori and inductive meaning that everyone can understand and relate to it and it is easy to understand. In order for him to make that claim he must be able to state the origin of life, and demonstrate how nature did it from the beginning to end  – not with fuzzy evolutionary just-so stories, full of maybe’s and perhaps, and could be’s – but actual step by step scientific processes.  Failing that, it’s his belief, not science.  He’s just stating it’s true by fiat using the fallacy of an appeal to ignorance and hope you don’t know any better. Analogy ” is to prove that the watch maker argument the above are one... Concedes the existence of God makes an analogy: watchmaker is shown paley's watch argument 's. Watchmaker analogy complex and gigantic than a watch identification of design also addressed number! 'S argument. ) did not leave space for a fact: a watch begging question. Imperfections do not want to believe, he attempts to expose Paley’s argument as an analogy... While, I ’ ve already pointed out is incorrect with regard to timepiece dates paley's watch argument... 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